Risk and protective factors

There are several risk and protective factors that impact respiratory health. Risk and protective factors can be genetic, related to lifestyle or environmental factors [44907].

While genetic factors such as family history cannot be changed, those relating to behaviour, lifestyle and some environmental factors can be altered to reduce the risk of people getting respiratory diseases [44907][44908].

To help protect against respiratory disease, people should be supported to:

  • not smoke tobacco and avoid second-hand smoke
  • maintain a healthy bodyweight
  • eat a healthy diet
  • be physically active
  • limit alcohol consumption
  • get the recommended vaccinations [44907][33965][44726][44727][44728].

In addition, to protect respiratory health, people should have access to safe environments free from risk factors such as indoor and outdoor air pollution, allergens and occupational hazards [33965].


Key resources



Bardil by Hughie Brent

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