Influenza

Influenza, known as the flu, is usually caused by viruses [15134]. There are three main types of virus that cause flu: influenza A, influenza B, and influenza C. General flu symptoms include fever, cough, headache, tiredness, inflamed linings of the respiratory system, and head cold symptoms such as a runny nose and watery eyes. Symptoms sometimes include nausea and vomiting.

Yearly immunisations against influenza are recommended for all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [30172]. The National Immunisation Program (NIP) provides free immunisations for eligible Australians, and covers influenza vaccinations for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (aged 6 months to under five years) and adults 15 years and older.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people get influenza more often, and get more severe forms of influenza, than non-Indigenous people [32213]. Pneumonia is the most common complication of influenza, and is contributes the most to early deaths from infectious conditions among to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, particularly children. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are three times more likely than non-Indigenous people to be admitted to hospital for influenza and pneumonia [32347]. Influenza and pneumonia together is a leading cause of respiratory related deaths for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants (babies under one year of age).

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Bardil by Hughie Brent

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