Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammation of one or both of the lungs, and can be bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic [34062]. Bacterial and viral pneumonia are the most common. Signs of pneumonia include fever, chills, cough with mucus production, and, sometimes, pleuritic chest pain (the pleura is the lining of the lungs and inside part of chest cavity). High rates of pneumonia are associated with factors like poor living conditions, malnutrition, smoking tobacco and risky drinking [33151]. Some vaccines, called pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, may help to prevent pneumonia [27429][18495].

Pneumonia is the second most common respiratory condition among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [33151]. It is a significant contributor to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander respiratory-related deaths.

Pneumonia is also a significant cause of health inequality, with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children going to hospital much more often for pneumonia than non-Indigenous children [33151]. The gap in hospital admissions between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and non-Indigenous children has, however, decreased considerably in the past few decades [20143].

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Bardil by Hughie Brent

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