Risk and protective factors

Many factors contribute to the high levels of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. These are complex and reflect a combination of broad historical, social, cultural and economic factors. There are also a number of behavioural and lifestyle factors that impact on kidney diseases among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. To protect against kidney disease, people should:

  • control their blood pressure
  • not smoke tobacco
  • drink alcohol in moderation
  • have a healthy diet that is high in fibre, fresh fruit and vegetables, and low in fat
  • be physically active
  • maintain a healthy bodyweight [28715][15040].

Some risk factors include:

Efforts (by health care providers as well as patients) to reduce these risk factors can help to reduce the level of kidney disease and its impacts.


Key resources

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