End-stage kidney disease

End-stage kidney disease (ESKD), also known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is when the kidneys have totally or almost totally stopped working [28715]. People with ESKD must either have regular dialysis (use a machine that filters the blood) or have a kidney transplant to stay alive [21677]. This is known as kidney replacement therapy (KRT).

ESKD is much more common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than among non-Indigenous people, as is their hospitalisation for the condition [33151]. This is particularly true for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in remote and very remote areas, where they are almost 70 times more likely to be hospitalised for ESKD compared to non-Indigenous people [32347].

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Key resources

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