Lung cancer

Lung cancer starts in the respiratory system and can spread to other parts of the body ref=24363. Lung cancer has a low survival rate ref=31288. Smoking is the largest risk factor for lung cancer ref=24363.

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people ref=31288. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are more likely to develop, be hospitalised for, and die from lung cancer than non-Indigenous Australians ref=26088. Lung cancer is the leading cause of death for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men ref=31288. While a greater proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander than non-Indigenous people smoked on a daily basis, smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has decreased significantly in recent years ref=31278. The Government’s Tackling Indigenous Smoking Program aims to reduce smoking rates and may help to reduce lung cancer among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

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