Breast cancer

Breast cancer occurs when there is abnormal and uncontrolled growth of the cells in breast tissue [43925]. These cells may to spread to other parts of the body. While both males and females can develop breast cancer, it is uncommon in males. Transgender and gender diverse people can also get breast cancer.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females but is less common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females than non-Indigenous females [43915]. Despite this, the survival rates are lower and mortality rates are higher for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females [44306]. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females tend to get breast cancer when they are younger, have more advanced tumours when they get diagnosed and and have low rates of participation in breast screening programs [43915][33129].

Over the years, participation in breast screening programs has increased among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females [43915]. To ensure these trends continue, it is important to prioritise targeted access to culturally appropriate cancer care services that focus on early detection and quality treatment [37640].

References

Key resources

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Artwork

Karnta by Corinne Nampijinpa Ryan

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