Type 2 diabetes

A lot of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting mostly older people, however, recently it has been diagnosed in younger people and children [22970].

Type 2 diabetes develops over a long period of time (years). During this time, insulin resistance starts, which is where the insulin production necessary to manage blood glucose levels starts to break down [30253]. Type 2 diabetes runs in the family; if you have a family member with diabetes then you are at risk of developing diabetes. Evidence shows that type 2 diabetes may be delayed  or prevented by keeping fit, eating well, and not smoking tobacco.

Many people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms. As type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed at a later age, sometimes signs are dismissed as a part of ‘getting older’. Sometimes by the time type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the complications of diabetes may already be present [30253].

To assist people with managing their diabetes there is the National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS). NDSS is an Australian Government initiative administered by Diabetes Australia in all states and territories. Registration with the NDSS is open to all Australians who are diagnosed with diabetes.

References

Key resources

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Artwork

Janganpa Jukurrpa (Brush-tailed Possum Dreaming) by Phyllis Napurrurla Williams

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