Prevention and management

Prevention

Each type of diabetes has different causes [30253] type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented and there is no cure; type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes can sometimes be prevented or delayed by lifestyle changes.

Many people don’t know they are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes [30253]. There is strong evidence showing that people who are at risk of type 2 diabetes can prevent or delay diabetes by:

  • maintaining a healthy body weight
  • being physically active
  • following a healthy eating plan
  • managing blood pressure
  • managing cholesterol levels
  • not smoking tobacco.

Management

The management of type 2 diabetes involves keeping blood glucose levels at safe levels, which may require the use of medication and/or controlling the timing and amount of food consumed [22970]. A healthcare team including doctor, specialist, dietitian and credentialed diabetes educator can help manage diabetes.

The body’s blood glucose may fall too low (known as hypoglycaemia) as a result of an imbalance between medication and food and exercise. This can lead to fainting or even coma. If blood glucose levels get too high (known as hyperglycaemia), people may feel symptoms like tiredness, thirst and frequent urination. If very high blood sugar levels persist for many hours, a person may suffer diabetic ketoacidosis or diabetic hyperglycaemic non-ketotic coma, life-threatening conditions that will require them to be admitted to hospital.

References

Key resources

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Artwork

Janganpa Jukurrpa (Brush-tailed Possum Dreaming) by Phyllis Napurrurla Williams

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