Food security and access

Food security exists “when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life” [33763].

The underlying cause of food insecurity in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities include socioeconomic factors such as income and employment, housing, overcrowding, transport, food costs, cultural food values, education, food and nutrition literacy, knowledge and skills [29431].

Lack of food security causes hunger and anxiety related to food shortage in the short term, and serious health consequences related to malnutrition in the medium to long term [32878]. Young children and pregnant and breastfeeding women tend to be particularly vulnerable to the short and longer term effects of food insecurity, which can impact on children’s growth, physical and social and emotional development and learning potential.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in remote areas are more likely to experience food insecurity than those in non-remote areas, however food insecurity is experienced in urban areas mostly due to lack of transport and quality of public transport [33769].

References

Key resources

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