Nutrition

The nutritional status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is influenced by many factors such as socio-economic disadvantage, and geographical, environmental, and social factors ref=891 ref=5920. Poor nutrition includes both over-nutrition and under-nutrition and is an important factor contributing to overweight and obesity, malnutrition, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and tooth decay ref=5920 ref=5304.

Five of the seven leading factors contributing to the health gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians (obesity, high blood cholesterol, alcohol, high blood pressure, and low fruit and vegetable intake) relate to poor diet ref=33841.

The current poor nutritional health of many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is in marked contrast to the situation prior to European settlement in Australia, when Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were generally healthy and enjoyed a varied traditional diet low in energy density and rich in nutrients ref=5920 ref=24841.

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Untitled by Robert Nester Mosby

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