Communicable diseases

Communicable (infectious) diseases can be caused by bacteria (e.g. whooping cough and tuberculosis), viruses (e.g. influenza and HIV), fungi (e.g. tinea or athlete’s foot), protozoan (microscopic) parasites (e.g. giardia) and larger parasites (e.g. head lice) ref=24870. There are different risk factors for different kinds of communicable diseases. Improvements to hygiene and the increased use of vaccination and antibiotics have significantly reduced some infectious diseases in Australia ref=31982 ref=32345.

Environmental conditions can contribute to the risk of disease – conditions both inside and outside the home ref=17750. For example, crowded living conditions, poor bathing facilities, lack of towels, soap bed linen and laundry facilities make it difficult to maintain good personal hygiene. Overcrowding, the lack of adequate sanitation hardware (functioning toilets) and soil that is contaminated by untreated sewage, as well as a poor understanding of general hygiene also contribute to the risk of communicable disease ref=32171 ref=17750.

A safe and healthy environment is essential for children’s health and development ref=31561. Poor child health leads to absences from school and poorer educational attainment, while also contributing to parents missing work and loss of productivity in the community.

References

Key resources

0 current entries
0 current entries
0 current entries
0 current entries
0 current entries

Important information

Culturally sensitive images: Learn more
Disclaimer and Privacy: Learn more
Need help using the website? Visit our help page
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices and names of people who have passed away.
×
×