Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on Google+ Share by Email

Skip to content

Key resources

  • Bibliography
  • Health promotion
    Health promotion
  • Health practice
    Health practice
  • Programs
  • Conferences
  • Courses
  • Funding
  • Jobs
  • Organisations
  • Health Services MapHealth Services Map
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin Alcohol and other drugs knowledge centre Yarning Places
Print this page Print

Key references

References for the key publications about diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are listed here.


Al-Yaman F (2017)

The Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, 2011.

Public Health Research & Practice; 27(4): e2741732

Retrieved October 2017 from

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017)

Incidence of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia, 2015.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare


Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015)

National Health Survey: first results, Australia, 2014-15.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics


Lalor E, Cass A, Chew D, Craig M, Davis W, Grenfell R, Hoy W, McGlynn L, Mathew T, Parker D, Shaw J, Tonkin A, Towler B (2014)

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts - mortality.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report summarises the most recent data on the contribution of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (including conditions such as heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) to mortality. It is part of the series Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts.

The report has four main sections, one for each disease group; CVD, diabetes and CKD; and one for their co-morbidity. Each chapter includes analysis of trends in death rates, and how deaths are distributed by sex and age. Some demographic groups have higher rates of death from these conditions; particularly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, so information on inequalities in mortality are presented. A series of appendixes provides supporting data, information on methods and a table of milestones in the historical course of these diseases in Australia.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (2014)

General practice management of type 2 diabetes: 2014-2015.

Melbourne: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners

These guidelines support general practitioners (GPs) and their teams to provide high-quality management by providing up-to-date, evidence-based information tailored for general practice.

Each section (where possible) has information on:

  • recommendations
  • clinical information for the practitioner
  • what the practitioner can do.

Information specific to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is highlighted in boxed text.

Abstract adapted from the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners


Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: first results, Australia, 2012-13.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

This summary of the first findings from the 2012-13 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey provides information on long-term health conditions, health risk factors, selected social and emotional wellbeing indicators, health measurements, and health related actions for Indigenous Australian peoples. Information is included on Indigenous peoples living in remote and non-remote areas.

Abstract adapted from Australian Bureau of Statistics

Diabetes Australia (2013)

A national diabetes strategy and action plan.

Canberra: Diabetes Australia


Atkinson D, Murray R, Couzos S (2008)


In: Couzos S, Murray R, eds. Aboriginal primary health care: an evidence-based approach. 3rd ed. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press: 521-574

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2008)

Diabetes: Australian facts 2008.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare


O'Dea K, Rowley KG, Brown A (2007)

Diabetes in Indigenous Australians: possible ways forward.

Medical Journal of Australia; 186(10): 494-495


Gracey M, Bridge E, Martin D, Jones TW, Spargo RM, Shephard M, Davis EA (2006)

An Aboriginal-driven program to prevent, control and manage nutrition-related "lifestyle" diseases including diabetes.

Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 15(2): 178-188

Type 2 diabetes and other nutrition-related so-called "lifestyle" diseases, including obesity, and cardiovascular and chronic renal disease, are very prevalent in Australian Aboriginal people and contribute to their high rates of chronic illness and premature mortality. An Aboriginal-driven, community-based health protection, health promotion and improved disease detection, management and care program was introduced in four remote, discrete communities in the far north of Western Australia (WA) in order to attempt to prevent these disorders through community-based lifestyle modification. More energetic screening for early risk factors is involved as well as early dietary and exercise interventions and medical treatment, when indicated. Distinctive features of this program include its Aboriginal initiatives and perspectives, committed partnerships between the communities, the Unity of First People of Australia of Australia (UFPA) and its carers, the communities' health care providers, external clinical specialists, other external agencies and a locally-operated point-of-care (POC) pathology testing capability that is conducted by local and UFPA personnel. The POC component is quality managed by Flinders University. These features have ensured the viability of the program in three of the communities; the other one decided not to continue with the program despite risks of serious long-term health consequences. The pre-program prevalence of diabetes in screened adults was almost 40% and in adults aged 35 years was almost 60%. After several months of the program's operation, there have been positive changes in knowledge about food, nutrition, exercise and disease and altered attitudes and behaviours related to dietary and exercise patterns. There have also been improvements in weight control and in pathology test results relevant to the risk of subsequent development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract


McDermott RA, Tulip F, Schmidt B (2004)

Diabetes care in remote northern Australian Indigenous communities.

Medical Journal of Australia; 180(10): 512-516

Wang Z, Hoy WE (2004)

Body size measurements as predictors of type 2 diabetes in Aboriginal people.

International Journal of Obesity; 28: 1580–1584


Irvine J, Kirov E, Thomson N (2003)


In: Thomson N, ed. The health of Indigenous Australians. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press: 93-126

McDermott R, Tulip F, Schmidt B, Sinha A (2003)

Sustaining better diabetes care in remote Indigenous Australian communities.

British Medical Journal; 327(7412): 428-430


De Courten M, Hodge A, Dowse G, King I, Vickery J, Zimmet P (1998)

Review of the epidemiology, aetiology, pathogenesis and preventability of diabetes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.

Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Family Services

Last updated: 11 December 2017
Return to top
general box


Share your information » Give us feedback » Sign our guestbook »