Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on Google+ Share by Email

Skip to content

Key resources

  • Bibliography
  • Health promotion
    Health promotion
  • Health practice
    Health practice
  • Programs
  • Conferences
  • Courses
  • Funding
  • Jobs
  • Organisations
  • Health Services MapHealth Services Map
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin Alcohol and other drugs knowledge centre Yarning Places



Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association (2017)

Online remote primary health care manuals.

Retrieved 2017 from

The Remote primary health care manuals are a set of manuals intended to support high-quality clinical practice in primary health care in central, northern and remote Australia. The manuals are used by health care workers including: doctors, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioners, remote area nurses, midwives, nurse practitioners, and allied health professionals.

The Remote primary health care manuals include the:

  • CARPA standard treatment manual
  • Minymaku Kutju Tjukurpa: women's business manual
  • Clinical procedures manual for remote and rural practice
  • Medicines book for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Practitioners
  • reference book for the Remote primary health care manuals.

These manuals provide evidence-based, best practice protocols tailored to the needs of clinicians, patients and remote Indigenous communities, providing primary health care. They are unique in that they incorporate both best practice evidence and the practice wisdom of remote practitioners.

These manuals are:

  • designed for remote practice
  • current and evidence-based
  • in plain English, easy to access
  • current and evidence based
  • culturally appropriate.

A distinctive feature of these manuals is that they were developed by practicing remote health clinicians and continue to be reviewed and updated using this 'by the user for the user' guideline development model.This model brings together the collective experience and wisdom of topic experts, local specialists and remote area clinicians who provide both evidence reviews and expert advice.

Abstract adapted from Online remote primary health care manuals website

de Dassel JL, Ralph AP, Cass A (2017)

A systematic review of adherence in Indigenous Australians: an opportunity to improve chronic condition management.

BMC Health Services Research; 17: 845

Retrieved 27 December 2017 from

Tilakaratne D, Warren L, Menz J (2017)

A casemix study of patients seen by a dermatology trainee in rural and urban outpatient settings.

Australasian Journal of Dermatology; 57(1): 33-38


Hurd K, Barnabe C (2016)

Systematic review of rheumatic disease phenotypes and outcomes in the Indigenous populations of Canada, the USA, Australia and New Zealand.

Rheumatology International; First online(

Jobling K, Lau P, Kerr D, Higgins RO, Worcester MU, Angus L, Jackson AC, Murphy BM (2016)

Bundap Marram Durn Durn: engagement with Aboriginal women experiencing comorbid chronic physical and mental health conditions.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 40(S1): S30–S35


Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Australian Burden of Disease Study: fatal burden of disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents estimates of fatal burden for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians for 2010 produced as part of the Indigenous component of the Australian burden of disease study.

Fatal burden is measured in years of life lost, which is the sum of the number of years of life lost due to premature death from disease and injury. Fatal burden estimates presented in this report are described for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population for broad disease groups, by age and sex. Estimates of the 'gap' in fatal burden between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians are also reported, together with selected sub-national estimates (selected states and territories, remoteness and socioeconomic disadvantage).

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare will release a more comprehensive report on the burden of disease for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2016. It will update and extend this report with 2011 estimates of fatal and non-fatal burden for more specific causes, as well as the burden attributable to selected risk factors.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Horman D, Paterson K, Brumby-Rendell O (2015)

Incidence, prevalence and challenges of managing CTEV in the Top End.

Paper presented at the 13th National Rural Health Conference. 24-27 May 2015, Darwin

Mackie FE, Kainer G, Adib N, Boros C, Elliott EJ, Fahy R, Munro J, Murray K, Rosenberg A, Wainstein B, Ziegler JB, Singh-Grewal D (2015)

The national incidence and clinical picture of SLE in children in Australia - a report from the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit.

Lupus; 24(1): 66-73

Sav A, King MA, Kelly F, McMillan SS, Kendall E, Whitty JA, Wheeler AJ (2015)

Self-management of chronic conditions in a rural and remote context.

21; 1( 90-95


Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014)

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: biomedical results, 2012-13.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

This publication presents information from the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health measures survey (NATSIHMS). The NATSIHMS involved the collection of blood and urine samples from around 3,300 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults across Australia, which were then tested for various chronic disease and nutrient bio-markers. This included for example diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, liver disease, exposure to tobacco smoke and anaemia. Key findings are presented in the report.

Abstract adapted from Australian Bureau of Statistics

Bowen AC, Tong S, Chatfield MD, Carapetis JR (2014)

The microbiology of impetigo in Indigenous children: associations between Streptococcus pyogenes , Staphylococcus aureus, scabies, and nasal carriage.

BMC Infectious Diseases; 14: 3854

Retrieved 31 December 2014 from

Brett T, Arnold-Reed DE, Troeung L, Bulsara MK, Williams A, Moorhead RG (2014)

Multimorbidity in a marginalised, street-health Australian population: a retrospective cohort study.

BMJ Open; 4(8): e005461

Retrieved 19 August 2014 from

Cassar O, Einsiedel L, Afonso PV, Gessain A (2014)

HTLV-1 molecular epidemiology in central Australia: two distinctive HTLV-1 subtype C lineages in Indigenous Australians.

Retrovirology; 11(supplement 1): 56

Retrieved 7 January 2014 from

Chakravarty SD, Zabriskie JB, Gibofsky A (2014)

Acute rheumatic fever and streptococci: the quintessential pathogenic trigger of autoimmunity.

Clinical Rheumatology; 33(7): 893-901

Cox AJ, Moscovis SM, Blackwell CC, Scott RJ (2014)

Cytokine gene polymorphism among Indigenous Australians.

Innate Immunity; 20(4): 431-439

Department of Human Services (2014)

Practice Incentives Program: Indigenous health incentive guidelines.

Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing

This guideline provides information for GP's and practice staff about the Practice Incentives Program (PIP) Indigenous Health Incentive. The program aims to support general practices and Indigenous health services to provide better health care for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander patients, including best practice management of chronic disease.

The guideline provides information on:

  • eligibility
  • payments
    • sign on payment
    • patient registration payment
    • outcomes payments
      • tier one outcomes payment - chronic disease management
      • tier two outcomes payment - total patient care
  • identification of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander patients
  • cultural awareness training
  • 'usual' practice patients
  • definition of a chronic disease
  • Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander health checks
  • eye health
  • PBS co-payment measure
  • applying
  • patient registration and re-registration
  • obligations of the practice
  • appeals process.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Heyes C, Tait C, Toholka R, Gebauer K (2014)

Non-infectious skin disease in Indigenous Australians.

Australasian Journal of Dermatology; 55(3): 176–184

Hotez PJ (2014)

Aboriginal populations and their neglected tropical diseases.

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases; 8(1): e2286

Retrieved 30 January 2014 from

Leach ST, Day AS, Moore D, Lemberg DA (2014)

Low rate of inflammatory bowel disease in the Australian indigenous paediatric population.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 50(4): 328-329

Primary Health Care Research & Information Service (2014)

Snapshot of Australian primary health care research 2014.

Adelaide: Primary Health Care Research & Information Service

Qi X, Chan WL, Read RJ, ZHou A, Carrell RW (2014)

Temperature-responsive release of thyroxine and its environmental adaptation in Australians.

Proceedings B of the Royal Society; 281: 1779

Retrieved from

Sav A, McMillan SS, Kelly F, Whitty JA, Kendall E, King MA, Wheeler AJ (2014)

Consumer health organisations for chronic conditions: why do some people access them and others don’t?.

Primary Health Care Research & Development; 15(4): 418-429

Seib C, Whiteside E, Humphreys J, Lee K, Thomas P, Chopin L, Crisp G, O'Keefe A, Kimlin M, Stacey A, Anderson D (2014)

A longitudinal study of the impact of chronic psychological stress on health-related quality of life and clinical biomarkers: protocol for the Australian healthy aging of women study.

BMC Public Health; 14: 9

Retrieved 8 January 2014 from

Willcox S (2014)

Chronic diseases in Australia: the case for changing course.

Melbourne: Mitchell Institute for Health and Education Policy

Zardawi IM (2014)

Primary fallopian tube carcinoma arising in the setting of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease.

Case Reports in Medicine; 2014: 645045

Retrieved from


Apostolopoulos D, Hoi AY (2013)

Systemic lupus erythematosus: when to consider and management options.

Australian Family Physician; 42(10): 696 - 700

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Thematic list of projects using linked data relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Bailie R, Griffin J, Laycock A, Kelaher M, McNeair T, Percival N, Schierhout G (2013)

Sentinel Sites evaluation: a place-based evaluation of the Indigenous Chronic Disease Package 2010–2012: final report.

Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research

Flinders Closing the Gap Program (2013)

Success stories for managing chronic conditions – Jim's story.

Adelaide: Flinders University

Lorig K, Ritter PL, Plant K, Laurent DD, Kelly P, Rowe S (2013)

The South Australia health chronic disease self-management Internet trial.

Health Education & Behavior; 40(1): 67-77

National Ageing Research Institute (2013)

Kimberley healthy adults project: guides for clinicians.

Perth: Western Australian Centre for Health and Ageing

These guides were developed as part of the Kimberley healthy adults project and aim to assist clinicians working with older Indigenous people living in rural and remote communities. The guides are not intended to provide information on how to diagnose or treat conditions, but rather as a guide to the predictors of these conditions and to identify interventions.

The guide provides information on the five major topics of the Kimberley healthy adults project:

  • falls
  • physical pain
  • continence support
  • depression
  • dementia.

Abstract adapted from Western Australian Centre for Health and Ageing

Tyack Z, Frakes K-A, Cornwell P, Kuys SS, Barnett AG, McPhail SM (2013)

The health outcomes and costs of people attending an interdisciplinary chronic disease service in regional Australia: protocol for a longitudinal cohort investigation.

BMC Health Services Research; 13: 410

Retrieved 11 October 2013 from

Vincent FB, Bourke P, Morand EF, Mackay F, Bossingham D (2013)

Focus on systemic lupus erythematosus in Indigenous Australians: towards a better understanding of autoimmune diseases.

Internal Medicine Journal; 43(3): 227–234


Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of New South Wales (2012)

Conference report: living longer stronger: AH&MRC chronic disease conference 2012.

Corbett CL, Lawton PD (2012)

Secondary amyloidosis in Indigenous Australians.

Internal Medicine Journal; 42(9): 1043-1046

National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation, Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (2012)

National guide to a preventive health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second edition.

South Melbourne: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners

The National guide to a preventive health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second edition provides an up-to-date, evidence-based national resource created to help all health professionals delivering primary health care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The use of this guide may help to prevent disease, detect early and unrecognised disease, and promote health. This guide contains Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander-specific information on:

  • lifestyle factors (including smoking, overweight/obesity, physical activity, and alcohol)
  • health among specific populations (child health, adolescent health, and the health of older people)
  • chronic conditions (cardiovascular health, rheumatic heart disease, respiratory health, kidney health, diabetes, and cancer)
  • infections conditions (sexual health and bloodborne viruses)
  • other health conditions (oral health, eye health, ear health, and mental health).

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Shetty VB, Bower C, Jones TW, Lewis BD, Davis EA (2012)

Ethnic and gender differences in rates of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in Western Australia over a 21 year period.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 48(11): 1029–1032

Last updated: 14 February 2018
Return to top
general box


Share your information » Give us feedback » Sign our guestbook »